List of Wars 1990 – 1999

Home List of Wars 1990 – 1999

Start

FinishName of ConflictBelligerents
Victorious party (if applicable)

Defeated party (if applicable)

19901991Gulf War Kuwait
United States
United Kingdom
Saudi Arabia
France
Italy
Canada
Australia
Egypt
Syria
Qatar
Coalition Forces
 Iraq
199019981990–1998 Indonesian military operations in Aceh Indonesia Free Aceh Movement
1990OngoingDHKP/C insurgency in Turkey Turkey DHKP-C
19901994Rwandan Civil War FPR Government of Rwanda
France
ZaireInterahamwe
Impuzamugambi
19901995Tuareg rebellion (1990–1995) Mali
Niger
Ganda Iso
Arab Islamic Front of Azawad
Popular Front for the Liberation of Azawad
United Movements and Fronts of Azawad
Front for the Liberation of Air and Azaouak
Front for the Liberation of Tamoust
199019901990 Mindanao crisis Philippines Federal Republic of Mindanao
19911991Operation Traira Brazil

Colombia

 FARC
19911991Ten-Day War Slovenia SFR Yugoslavia
199119921991–1992 South Ossetia War South Ossetia
North Ossetian volunteers
Russia
 Georgia
19911994Djiboutian Civil War Djibouti
France
 Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy
19911995Croatian War of Independence Croatia
Bosnia and Herzegovina (1994–1995)
 SFR Yugoslavia (1991–1992)
Republic of Serbian Krajina (1992–1995)
Republika Srpska (1992–1995)
19912002Sierra Leone Civil War Sierra Leone
Kamajors
South African Mercenaries
Nigerian-led ECOMOG Group
United Kingdom
 Revolutionary United Front
Armed Forces Revolutionary Council
West Side Boys
Liberia
19912002Algerian Civil War Algerian government Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
1991OngoingSomali Civil War1986–1991:

Armed rebel groups:

·          SSDF

·          SNM

·          SPM

·         USC

·         SDF

1992–1995:
United Nations

·         UNOSOM I

·         Unified Task Force

·         UNOSOM II

2006–2009:
Transitional Federal Government
Ethiopia
AMISOM
Allied armed groups:

·          ARPCT

·          Ahlu Sunna Waljama’a

2009–present:
Federal Government of Somalia
AMISOM
Advisers/Operators
United States

1986–1991:

Somali Democratic Republic (until 1991)

·         SNA

Allied rebel groups:

·         SNF (after 1991)

1992–1993:
USC
2006–2009:
Islamic Courts Union
Oromo Liberation Front[1]
Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia
Al-Shabaab
Ras Kamboni Brigades
Jabhatul Islamiya
Muaskar Anole
2009–present:
Al-Qaeda

·          Al-Shabaab

Foreign Mujahideen
Hizbul Islam

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
(since 2015)

19911993Georgian Civil War Georgian State Council
Russia
 Zviadists
National Guard of Georgia
199119911991 uprisings in Iraq Ba’athist IraqShia militias
Kurdistan
19921995Bosnian War Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatian Herzeg-Bosnia (1992; 1994-1995)
Croatia (1992; 1994-1995)
NATO (1995)
 Republika Srpska
Republic of Serbian Krajina
Western Bosnia (1993-1995)
199219921992 Venezuelan coup d’état attempts VenezuelaRevolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200
19921992East Prigorodny Conflict North Ossetian militia and security forces
North Ossetian Republican Guard
South Ossetian militia
Don Cossacks
Terek Cossacks
Russian Army
 Ingush militia
19921996Civil war in Afghanistan (1992–1996) Taliban

Al Qaeda
Supported by:
Pakistan
Saudi Arabia

Hezbi Islami(Supported by Pakistan)
Hezb-i Wahdat (Supported by Iran)
Junbish-i Milli (Supported by Uzbekistan and Russia)

 Unit Party

·          Jamiat-i Islami

·          Shura-i Nazar

·         Ittehad-i Islami

·         Harakat-i Islami

·         Hezbi Islami (until August 1992)

·         Junbish-i Milli (until 1994)

·         Hezb-i Wahdat (until December 1992)

19921992War of Transnistria Transnistria
Russian Volunteers
Russian 14th Army
Ukrainian Volunteers
Don Cossacks
 Moldova
Romanian Volunteers and advisors
19921993War in Abkhazia (1992–1993) Abkhazia
Russia
Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
Russian Cossacks
 Georgia
19921997Civil war in Tajikistan Tajikistan
Russia
Uzbekistan
 Taliban
Afghanistan
19931994Chechen Civil War [ru] Chechen Republic of IchkeriaProvisional Council of the Chechen Republic [ru]

National Salvation Committee [ru]

Supported by:

Russia

19932005Burundian Civil WarGovernment forces:

Burundian government

·         Burundian military

Supported by:
ONUB
African Union Mission in Burundi

Hutu militias:

CNDD-FDD
FNL

Tutsi militias

19931994Republic of the Congo Civil War (1993–1994)Republic of the Congo government

Gabon

Congolese Party of Labour
1993OngoingEthnic conflict in Nagaland India

·         Nagaland

Burma

·          Sagaing Region

 Rebels Forces[show]
199319931993 Russian constitutional crisis President of Russia
Main Administration of Protection
Ministry of the Interior
Ministry of Defence·          Kantemirovskaya Tank Division

·          Taman Division

FAPSI

·          Alpha Group

·          Vympel

 Supreme Soviet of Russia
Congress of People’s Deputies of Russia
Vice President of Russia
Supporters of the Supreme Soviet and Alexander Rutskoy
19941997Iraqi Kurdish Civil War PUK

INC
PKK
KCP
Iran (from 1995)
SCIRI

·         Support

United States (from 1996)

 KDP

Iraq
Turkey
PDKI
Iran (until 1995)

1994OngoingArmenian-Azerbaijani border conflict
Part of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

Armenia
Supported by:
Russia

 Azerbaijan

Supported by:
Turkey

1994OngoingChiapas conflict Mexico Zapatista Army of National Liberation[2]
199419941994 Zapatista Uprising
Part of the Chiapas conflict
 Mexico Zapatista Army of National Liberation
199419941994 Bophuthatswana crisis BDF Mutineers
SADF
 Government of Bophuthatswana
Afrikaner Volksfront
AWB
19941994Yemeni Civil War (1994) Yemen Democratic Republic of Yemen
19941996First Chechen War Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
Foreign mujahideen
Ukrainian volunteers
 Russia
19941999Caprivi conflict NamibiaCaprivi Liberation Army
19951995Cenepa War Peru Ecuador
19952019Insurgency in Ogaden Ethiopia Ogaden National Liberation Front
19952018Second Afar Insurgency Ethiopia
RSADO
DMLEK
EPLF
ENSFDFEU
 Eritrea
ARDUF
19951995Hanish Islands conflict Eritrea Yemen
1996OngoingADF insurgency Uganda
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Allied Democratic Forces
National Army for the Liberation of Uganda
19962006Nepalese Civil War Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
Supported by:
China
Indonesia
 Kingdom of Nepal (Government)
Supported by:
United States
India
United Kingdom
France
Portugal
European Union
19962001Civil war in Afghanistan (1996–2001) Islamic State of Afghanistan
After September 11, 2001:
United States of America
United Kingdom
Canada
Australia
Supported by:
Iran
India
 Taliban
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
al-QaedaSupported by:
Pakistan
19961997First Congo War  AFDL
Uganda
Rwanda
Burundi
Angola
 Zaire
UNITA
Army for the Liberation of RwandaInterahamwe
19971997Albanian Rebellion of 1997 Albania
Germany
Italy
 Ad hoc local Albanian militias
19971999Republic of the Congo Civil War (1997–1999) Republic of the Congo (Denis Sassou Nguesso government)
Cobra militia
Rwandan Hutu militia
Angola
 Republic of the Congo (Pascal Lissouba government)
Cocoye militia
Ninja militia
Nsiloulou militia
Mamba militia
199719971997 clashes in Cambodia Hun Sen (CPP)
Vietnam
 Norodom Ranariddh (FUNCINPEC)
Khmer Rouge
199819981998 Monrovia clashes Liberian government (Taylor loyalists) Johnson’s forces (ex-ULIMO-J)

Limited involvement:

Nigeria

United States

19981998War in Abkhazia (1998) Abkhazia White Legion

Mkhedrioni
Forest Brotherhood

19981999Kosovo War KLA

Republic of Kosova
(Until 1999)

 NATO[show]

 Yugoslavia
19982000Eritrean–Ethiopian War Ethiopia

CIS Mercenaries
Supported by:
Ukraine
Libya
Bulgaria

 Eritrea

CIS Mercenaries
Supported by:
Russia
Belarus
United States
Israel

19982003Second Congo WarPro-government:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Angola
Chad
Namibia
Zimbabwe
Anti-Ugandan forces:
LRA
Sudan (Alleged)·          ADF

·         UNRF II

·         FNI

Anti-Rwandan militias:
FDLR

·         Mai-Mai

·          Interahamwe

·         RDR

·          ALiR

·         Other Hutu-aligned forces

Anti-Burundi militias:

·          CNDD-FDD

·         FROLINA

Rwandan-aligned militias:

·         RCD

·         RCD-Goma

·         Banyamulenge

Ugandan-aligned militias:

·         MLC

·         Forces for Renewal

·         UPC

·         Other Tutsi-aligned forces

Anti-Angolan forces:
UNITA
Foreign state actors:
Uganda
Rwanda
Burundi

19981999Guinea-Bissau Civil War Military rebels

MFDC[3]
Supported by:
United States

 Guinea-Bissau

Senegal
Guinea
Supported by:
France

199819981998 Saudi-Yemeni border conflict[4][5][6]
1998OngoingAl-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen Republic of Yemen

·          Yemen Army

o     Yemeni Republican Guard

·          Yemeni Air Force

Supported by:
United States

Houthis
Supported by:
Iran

 al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula

·         Aden-Abyan Islamic Army

·         Islamic Jihad of Yemen

Supported by:
al-Shabaab

19991999Batken Conflict Kyrgyzstan
Uzbekistan
 Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
19991999Kargil War

Part of the Indo-Pakistani Wars

 India Pakistan
199920001999 East Timorese crisis East Timor

Supported by:
Australia
New Zealand
United Kingdom
United States
Portugal

 Pro-Indonesian militias

·         Aitarak

·         Besi Merah Putih

·         Laksaur

·         Mahidi

19992001Insurgency in the Preševo Valley FR Yugoslavia UÇPMB
19992002Maluku sectarian conflict
19992003Second Liberian Civil War Rebel groups:

·         Anti-Taylor Armed Forces elements

·         LURD

·         MODEL

Guinea
Supported by:
Sierra Leone
United Kingdom
United States

 Liberian government:

·         Loyalist Armed Forces elements

·         ATU

·         SOD

·         SSS

·         NPFL/NPP militias

RUF
RDFG
Supported by:
Moldova

19992007Ituri conflictHema tribe:
Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC)RCD-Kisangani
Uganda

Democratic Republic of the Congo
MONUC
Artemis

Lendu tribe:
Nationalist and Integrationist Front (FNI)
Front for Patriotic Resistance in Ituri (FRPI)
Popular Front for Justice in Congo (PFJC)Mai-Mai Simba
19991999War of Dagestan Russia

·          Armed Forces

o     Ground Forces

o     Air Force

o     Navy

o     VDV

·          MVD

o    Internal Troops

o    Militsiya

o    OMON

·          GRU

o     Spetsnaz

·          Dagestan

o    Police

o    Volunteers

 Islamic Djamaat of Dagestan

·          CPID

o    IIPB

·          SPIR

·          Islamic religious police

19992009Second Chechen War Russian Federation

·          Chechen Republic

 Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
(1999–2007)Caucasian Front
(2005–2007)
Caucasus Emirate
(2007–2009)
Arab Mujahideen
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